Graduate Courses

215. Advanced Hydroclimatology (3)
Lecture—3 hours. Prerequisite: course 115. Theoretical and applied aspects of energy and mass fluxes linking the earth’s surface, atmosphere, and hydrologic system. Emphasis on regional scale analysis and modeling, spatial data representation, and climate change influences on precipitation and its hydroclimatic expression. Offered in alternate years.—(III.)

221. Advanced Atmospheric Dynamics (3)
Lecture—3 hours. Prerequisite: course 121B. Conditions for instability in stratified atmospheres; baroclinic instability; forced topographic Rossby Waves; wave-mean flow interaction theory; tropical dynamics; stratospheric dynamics.—II. (II.) Nathan

223. Advanced Boundary-Layer Meteorology (3)
Lecture—3 hours. Prerequisite: course 230. Characteristics of the atmospheric boundary layer under convective and nocturnal conditions. Heat budget at the surface and boundary layer forcing. Similarity theory and scaling of the boundary layer. Measurement and simulation techniques. Offered in alternate years.—(III.) Faloona

230. Atmospheric Turbulence (3)
Lecture—3 hours. Prerequisite. course 121B or 158. Dynamics and energetics of turbulence in the atmosphere including vorticity dynamics. Statistical description of turbulence; Eulerian and Lagrangian scales, spectral analysis, conditional sampling techniques. Turbulent diffusion; the closure problem, gradient-diffusion and second-order methods. Offered in alternate years.—III. Paw U

231. Advanced Air Pollution Meteorology (3)
Lecture—3 hours. Prerequisites: Course 149A, 160 and one course in fluid dynamics. Processes determining transport and diffusion of primary and secondary pollutants. Models of chemical transformation, of the atmospheric boundary layer and of mesoscale wind fields, as applicable to pollutant dispersion problems. Offered in alternate years.—(I.)

233. Advanced Biometeorology (3)
Lecture/discussion—3 hours. Prerequisite: course 133 or consent of instructor. Current topics in biometeorology. Physical and biological basis for water vapor, other gases, and energy exchange with the atmosphere. Topics include modeling and measuring turbulent transport from plant canopies, surface temperatures and energy budgets, bio-aerosol physics and aerobiology. Offered in alternate years.—II. Paw U

240. General Circulation of the Atmosphere (4)
Lecture/discussion—4 hours. Prerequisite: course 121B. Large-scale, observed atmospheric properties. Radiation, momentum, and energy balances derived and compared with observations. Lectures and homework synthesize observations and theories, then apply them to understand the large-scale circulations. Offered in alternate years—(II.) Grotjahn

241. Climate Dynamics (3)
Lecture/discussion—3 hours. Prerequisite: course 121B. Dynamics of large-scale climatic variations over time periods from weeks to centuries. Description of the appropriate methods of analysis of atmospheric and oceanic observations. Conservation of mass, energy and momentum. Introduction to the range of climate simulations.—I. (I.) Ullrich

245. Climate Change, Water and Society (4)
Lecture/discussion—3 hours. Integration of climate science and hydrology with policy to understand hydroclimatology and its impact upon natural and human systems. Assignments: readings, take-home examination on climate and hydrologic science, paper that integrates course concepts into a research prospectus or review article. Cross listed as HYD 245/ECL 245.—I. Fogg, Lubell, Ullrich

250. Meso-Scale Meteorology (3)
Lecture—3 hours. Prerequisite: graduate standing, course 150, a course in partial differential equations; or consent of instructor. The study of weather phenomena with horizontal spatial dimensions between 2.5 and 2500 kilometers. Methods of observational study and numerical modeling of the structure and temporal behavior of these weather systems. Offered in alternate years.—I. Chen

255. Numerical Modeling of the Atmosphere (4)
Lecture—2 hours; laboratory—6 hours. Prerequisite: course 121B and Engineering 5; course 150 recommended. Principles of numerical modeling of the dynamic, thermodynamic and physical processes of the atmosphere. Hands-on experiments on model development using the shallow water equations and the primitive equations. Operational forecast models. Offered in alternate years.—I. Chen

260. Atmospheric Chemistry (3)
Lecture—3 hours. Prerequisite: course 160. Chemistry and photochemistry in tropospheric condensed phases (fog, cloud, and rain drops and aerosol particles). Gas-drop and gas-particle partitioning of compounds and effects of reactions in condensed phases on the fates and transformations of tropospheric chemical species. Offered in alternate years.—(III.) Anastasio

265. The Art of Climate Modeling (3)
Lecture—3 hours. Prerequisite: course 121A; experience with computing strongly recommended. Introduction to global climate modeling. Earth-system models from around the world. Numerical discretizations of horizontal and vertical dynamics. Diffusion, filters and fixers. Parameterization of fine-scale processes. Massively parallel supercomputing for climate. Model evaluation and intercomparison. Offered in alternate years.—III. Ullrich

270A-G. Topics in Atmospheric Science (1-3)
Discussion—1-3 hours. Applications and concepts in (A) Meteorological Statistics; (B) Computer Modeling of the Atmosphere; (C) Design of Experiments and Field Studies in Meteorology; (D) Solar and Infrared Radiation in the Atmosphere; (E) Aerosol and Cloud Physics; (F) Atmospheric Chemistry; (G) General Meteorology.—I, II, III. (I, II, III.)

290. Seminar (1)
Seminar—1 hour. Prerequisite: graduate standing in Atmospheric Science or related field. Current developments in selected areas of atmospheric research. Topics will vary according to student and faculty interests. (S/U grading only.)—I, II, III. (I, II, III.)

291A-F. Research Conference in Atmospheric Science (1-3)
Lecture/discussion—1-3 hours. Prerequisite: consent of instructor. Review and discussion of current literature and research in: (A) Air Quality Meteorology; (B) Biometeorology; (C) Boundary Layer Meteorology; (D) Climate Dynamics; (E) General Meteorology; (F) Atmospheric Chemistry. May be repeated up to a total of 6 units per segment. (S/U grading only.)—I, II, III. (I, II, III.)

298. Group Study (1-5)
Prerequisite: graduate standing and consent of instructor. (S/U grading only.)

299. Research (1-12)
Prerequisite: graduate standing and consent of instructor. (S/U grading only.)

Professional Courses

396. Teaching Assistant Training Practicum (1-4)
Prerequisite: graduate standing. May be repeated for credit. (S/U grading only.)—I, II, III. (I, II, III.)